Archive for the ‘Yahushua HaMashiach’ Category

“Ha’azinu” – teaching from Shabbat Shalom Mesa

Sunday, October 16th, 2016

Join Mark Call of Shabbat Shalom Mesa for a study of the parsha “Ha’azinu” (Deuteronomy chapter 32).

  • Note: These are available every Shabbat during the on-line services at 6:30 PM Mountain Time, and the Sabbath Day teaching broadcast live via links in both Paltalk and Shoutcheap.

The Erev Shabbat as usual covers the whole short reading

SSM Ha’azinu 2016

The Sabbath Day teaching ties together the two songs this week, from Moses in Deuteronomy 32, and of King David in II Samuel 22, and the “cusp” at which we stand today:

“Ha-azinu – A story of Two Songs – Two houses – but only ONE real Choice”

“Nitzavim” – teaching from Shabbat Shalom Mesa

Sunday, October 2nd, 2016

Join Mark Call of Shabbat Shalom Mesa for a study of the parsha “Nitzavim” (Deuteronomy 29:10 – 30:20).

Note: These are available every Shabbat during the on-line services at 6:30 PM Mountain Time, and the Sabbath Day teaching broadcast live via links in both Paltalk and Shoutcheap

The Erev Shabbat overview teaching this week is another one that just seems to literally “set Mark off” — because it is not only one of THE most important “two-word summaries” of Scripture in the Torah, but because it so clearly rebuts some of the biggest lies we have been told!

SSM Nitzavim 2016

The Sabbath Day teaching is literally a matter of life and death.  And, we are standing today, “on the cusp,” a time to choose life!

You are STANDING on the CUSP…now, like never before…so Choose Life!


“Chukat” – teaching from Shabbat Shalom Mesa

Sunday, July 17th, 2016

Join Mark Call of Shabbat Shalom Mesa for a study of the parsha “Chukat” (Numbers chapter 19 through 21).

Note: These are available every Shabbat during the on-line services at 6:30 PM Mountain Time, and the Sabbath Day teaching broadcast live via links in both Paltalk and Shoutcheap.

The Erev Shabbat overview teaching describes what has been called THE most “enigmatic mystery” [‘chuq’ or “statute”] in Scripture:

Just what is that red heifer thing all about?

But it turns out that’s just the beginning of the story!

SSM Chukat 2016

The Sabbath Day teaching takes a look in detail into why “mysteries” — or statutes — that might seem confusing, or downright uncomfortable, have been claimed “done away with” instead!
“The Red Heifer — and Other Uncomfortable Mysteries Left Ignored”

“Beha’alotcha” – teaching from Shabbat Shalom Mesa

Sunday, June 26th, 2016

Join Mark Call of Shabbat Shalom Mesa for a study of the parsha “Beha’alotcha” (Numbers chapter 8 through 12).

This week’s parsha marks another clear “turning point” in Scripture. Like the story from the Garden of Eden in Genesis chapter 3, or the story of the ‘golden calf’ at Mount Sinai, it’s a time of leaving, and people being people – again.

The Erev Shabbat total overview again covers the “whole story” – from lighting of the lamps on the menorah laying hands on the Levites, through the story of Aaron, and Miriam’s tzaraas to why Moses just isn’t like other prophets.

Behalotcha 2016

But it’s the issue of prophecy – then and now – and the ‘turning points’ that we face — again, then and now — that go ‘front and center’ during the Sabbath day teaching:

Tests of character – or – what constitutes a ‘prophet of YHVH’?



“Emor” – teaching from Shabbat Shalom Mesa

Sunday, May 22nd, 2016

Join Mark Call of Shabbat Shalom Mesa for a look at this week’s Torah portion, “Emor,” from Leviticus 21 through 24.

As it turns out, there are – or certainly at least were – set apart people, or Kohenim, and things, like the temple furnishings, and places, like the Mishkan.

But, too often overlooked, since we’ve inherited so many lies by now, there are set apart TIMES, too.

All of these are explored first, in the Erev Shabbat teaching.
SSM Emor 2016

During the Sabbath Day teaching, Mark is even a bit more blunt than usual, because the topic demands nothing less. Sometimes if we desire to understand what it means to be “set apart”, it’s very helpful to know, “from WHAT?”

And here’s a question that really hits home. What does it mean to “serve Him”? Perhaps we’ve been lied to on that score, too.

“Time to be set apart”

…so, be ready, “in season and out,” to explain what that means.



“Tzav” – teaching from Shabbat Shalom Mesa, by Mark Call

Sunday, March 27th, 2016

Parsha “Tzav,” (Leviticus chapters 6 through 8) begins with Moshe being told to COMMAND (‘tzav’) Aaron and his sons by YHVH, again concerning “korbon” or offerings, as the previous parsha, but this time with their part of the instruction.

In the first recording, for Erev Shabbat, Mark Call of Shabbat Shalom Mesa discusses those differences, and again the concept of “korbon,” as well as the process for their anointing and sanctification as priests (‘cohenim’) of YHVH.

Tzav 2016


The Sabbath day teaching again starts there and continues to some of the deeper, and even more unsettling questions – particularly on a weekend where paganism proves Yahushua’s repeated point (from Mark chapter 7, et al) that “by your traditions” you have made the “commandments of Yah of NO EFFECT.”  (Regular readers and listeners will already understand why “3 days and 3 nights” could NOT possibly be correctly counted from any “friday” (good, or otherwise) and how the ‘high holy day’ associated with the Feast of Unleavened Bread fits during the week of Pesach/Passover.)

“The Ishtar sun-god-day story, and the Irony of UNintentional Sin”


Once Twisted, it’s Hard to Un-Twist

Monday, November 30th, 2015

NOTE:  This article is a follow-on to the previous post, “If ‘the Law of the LORD is perfect’ – then why ‘twist Paul’?


The problem with seeing the world, the Bible, and even “the LORD” through pagan sunglasses is that things still look funny when you try to take them off. The “twisting of Paul” seems to be epidemic. But the ramifications are more serious than most who do it will admit.

“I think I know how these guys think now,” said the Defender of Xtianity. They [those Hebrew Roots types] see a verse like Colossians 2:16-17 and turn the message completely upside-down!”

So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths, which are a shadow of things to come, but the body of the Messiah. ”

“As if Paul isn’t talking about how WE are to reject the Jewish festivals and sabbaths! They actually seem to think he was talking to judaizers and saying that they shouldn’t let US judge THEM for not keeping the Christian holy days of the New Covenant!”

“So then, to think like Mark Call, we must start with Torah and end with Torah and every reading must be interpreted through that filter. Whereas we start with Jesus and end with Jesus.

And therein lies the rub. If you START with “another jesus, whom we have NOT preached”, and then end in the same place, the logical fallacy is called “circular reasoning”. The assumption justifies the conclusion. And since the conclusion feels good, nothing else matters. Even, it seems, Scripture itself.

If the Foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?” (Psalm 11:3)

When Yahushua came “in His Father’s Name” to the world, the only Scripture that then existed was the “old” testament. It was the Torah of Moses, the Writings, and the Prophets, as He said, (John chapter 5) which, “testify of Me.” How could it be otherwise? The “new” testament wouldn’t be written until decades later, and the authors relied on the only Scripture they knew to make the case that He was Who they said He must be! Yahushua made this argument at length in John 5:30-47.


If the Foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? “

There is a painful irony in this blindness, too. By claiming that Paul means the opposite thing from what they want him to be saying, that all-too-common heresy ignores WHO THE LETTER WAS WRITTEN TO:

Former pagans! People attempting to “turn to Him,” and being persecuted by the pagans around them for keeping the MOEDIM of YHVH! People who, then like now, are being “judged” for things like NOT eating pork, or NOT keeping “Xmas” or NOT celebrating pagan fertility rites with bunnies and eggs!


Yes, the author of that Letter was saying, “don’t let them judge you” for following the One True God, and keeping His feasts, His “holidays,” instead of the ones you grew up with!

And thus we keep coming back to the real problem, and the circular fallacy:

Just which “Jesus” do they worship? The one Who KEPT the Feasts (‘moedim’ or “Appointed Times”) of YHVH and NEVER once ate pork, or violated His own Sabbaths? And Who said He would NOT – not in the SLIGHTEST amount – change the Torah they not only ignore but seem to hate?


Or… “another jesus” who “did away with the Law”? And whom Shaul/Paul and the Apostles did “not preach”.

The problem is that they “start with jesus, and end with him” – and the “him” is NOT the Messiah that was Written of in Scripture!

This is the message of the end of Yahuchanon (John) chapter 5!

If I bear witness of Myself, My witness is not true.” (John 5:31)

…“the Father Himself, Who sent Me, has testified of Me!”

You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form. But you have not His Word abiding in you: for Whom He has sent, him you do not believe. Search the Scriptures; for in them you think you have eternal life: and they testify of Me.”

Hint: He is NOT talking about the the yet-then-unwritten letters of Paul!!!!


And you will not come to Me, that you might have life.

(think, “another jesus, whom we have NOT preached” instead!)

I have come in My Father’s Name, and yet you do not receive Me: if another comes in his own name, him you will receive!”

How right He was!

How can you believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that comes from Yah only?

Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuses you, even Moses, in whom you trust.


Well, that was THEN. These guys don’t even believe Moses, either, having accepted the lie that the “Old” has been “done away with”.

For had you believed Moses, you would have believed Me: for he Wrote of Me. But if you will not believe His Writings, how shall you believe My words? (John 5:46-47)


ANSWER: They ignore those. And twist the literal you-know-what outta Paul!


Yahushua was talking FACE-to-FACE to a bunch of hypocrites who KNEW the Torah and Tanakh, and yet were still so wedded to their own tradition and “law” that they refused to see the Torah Made Flesh when He taught them in PERSON. “How much more so,” then, those who have an even MORE paganized ‘tradition of men’ and so-called “law” that they can literally turn the words of a consummate Torah scholar like Shaul/”Paul” upside down, and deny the very Words of the Word Made Flesh Himself in the process!

When the Foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?” (wipe the dust off their feet, and move on, says the “Torah Made Flesh” they ignore.)

He who turns his ear from hearing Torah – even his PRAYER is an abomination.” (Proverbs 28:9)

And yet, ultimately we will be asked “why does it matter?” Who really cares if His Name was “Yahushua,” or Yeshua, or even “Jesus”. If we just “believe in Him,” or claim to “love him,” by whatever name, and say the “sinner’s prayer”, isn’t that enough? Isn’t that really ALL that matters?

And there is the rub. The answer is NO! That same Paul said, “work out your OWN SALVATION with fear and trembling.” For cryin’ out loud, why would he feel the need to say something like THAT if saying the sinner’s prayer once-and-done was all it took? (Never mind that the so-called “sinner’s prayer” is nowhere to be found in His Word anyway!)

Yahushua said (John 14:15), “if you love Me, keep My commandments.” And, yes, let’s not forget that “I never knew you” warning to those who ignore His Instruction!

Isn’t there a concern here? How can one get “eternal life” from the wrong savior?

If the Foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? “

We can, in fact, build our house upon the Rock. That YHVH is Who He says He is. That He does NOT change, He IS “the same, yesterday, today, and forever,” and that He did not change His mind, or His Word.

If there is “another jesus, whom we have not preached,” who “did away with” the “law of Moses,” we know that he is a liar, and the Truth is not in him.

The Messiah must be consistent with His own Word! How else could He be the Torah Made Flesh?

And that is a Very Big Deal, indeed.

Study, to show yourself approved,” said that same guy, Shaul. No wonder he said to work it out for ourselves.

Why “theology” is NOT the same as studying Scripture

Wednesday, September 9th, 2015

Recently I got asked about “theology”, and it got me to thinking that whatever that means, it is NOT the same as studying YHVH and His Scripture. Why? Because ‘theology’ is derived from the Greek words ‘theos’, meaning “gods” and having to do with ‘study’, which does sound a bit different that just studying what He Wrote down for us. The Greek language assumes a lot of ’em, and no shortages of books about them, either.


It’s a bit like the realization there there are lots of “religions” but that the Bible has nothing good to say about the concept.
And that in turn got me to thinking about just HOW we might be able to explain similar differences to most Christians. What about “Sabbath”, and what difference does it make? And the perennial favorite: If we’re “saved by grace” and by “faith in Jesus” – what does that mean, what does it look like, and why, oh, why, would any of us care about all that nasty ole “Old Testament” stuff? Isn’t it all just “legalism” anyway?

And perhaps the best way to address that set of issues is head-on. Just which “Jesus” are we talking about, anyway?

The one who “did away with The Law,” and then “nailed it to the cross,” or the One Who was actually described in prophetic and legal detail in that same “Old Testament”? Put differently, “another jesus”, that the Apostle Paul, aka Shaul, in II Corinthians 11:4 warned us about, and said we might be fooled by, unless we learn to rightly divide the “Word of Truth”.

Since Paul/Shaul was advising people who, as he reminded them, already KNEW that the Messiah foretold by Moses would have to conform to the prophetic guidelines already laid OUT by Moses, it stands to reason that if such a person were to “do away” with the very instruction given by God to identify the One He would send, we have a problem.

So it’s instructive to note that in the very first “public address” that Messiah Yahushua ever gave, recorded in places like Matthew chapters 5 through 7, and often referred to as the ‘Sermon on the Mount’, He addressed those concerns up front:

Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.

And He followed that up by saying that so long as “heaven and earth” still existed, not the SMALLEST part of His “Torah” would pass away. (Matthew 5:17-19) So, no doubt about it, “all” is not yet fulfilled.

Check it out for yourself. They still exist. If we believe Him (as opposed to just “believing IN Him”) then when we hear that He “did away with the law” – we know that SOMEONE is lying. Either that, or just maybe they’re talking about “another jesus, whom we HAVE NOT PREACHED.”
Furthermore, ALL of those who come in the Name of YHVH, the Most High, including His Annoined Meshiach, the Torah Made Flesh, must speak His Truth consistently, or they are NOT of Him. (Deuteronomy chapter 13, and many others.) So it should be clear that Yahushua can thus be distinguished from “another jesus,” by that undeniable and unchanging criterion. He IS, in fact, “the same, yesterday, today, and forever.” (Hebrews 13:8, repeating Malachi 3:6. And check out the end of that Book, too!)

At this point the distinction between what I thus refer to as “xtianity” and what is Written in Scripture should be increasingly clear.

If ‘jesus’ had, in fact, “done away with” the Torah of Moses, (the so-called “Law”) then he, by his own admission, would not only have been a liar, but could NOT have been the “prophet like unto Moses” spoken of by the prophets, much less the ‘son of YHVH’. Yahushua, however, (to hammer home the important difference) went on to make a series of very important related distinctions in that same first speech. Over and over He said, “what you have heard it said” is NOT what is Written. And that He taught them, “as One having Authority”. (Matthew 7:29)
In many later teachings, from Mark chapter 7 to the 23rd chapter of Matthew, and similarly, He made it clear that men’s TRADITIONS and rulings and ‘interpretations’ (“theology,” perhaps) were not the same as “law” – even when “hypocrites” said they were. “By …teaching as doctrines the commandments of men…” they had, “made the commandments of Yah of no effect.” (Mark 7:6-13)


No doubt this is why Paul also advises us to not only “study to show yourself approved,” but to be like the Bereans, who confirmed what they were being told daily – in the “Old Testament”, obviously! – to find out whether what they were being told was True or not. (II Timothy 2:15; Acts 17:11)

NOT ONE of the statutes, judgments, and commandments that He gave to us in His Word has been “done away with”, from His Sabbaths (plural), to what He told us is “food”, to His instruction about His Covenant, which we broke, and for which reason He came.

All of those we changed by men, by “adding to,” and “subtracting from“, in violation of His Word. (Deuteronomy 4:2, 12:32, and the “last command in Scripture”, at the end of Revelation.) As several other commentators throughout Scripture have said, in more than one way, “are we to obey God, or men?”

And, “therein lies the rub”.

Yahushua says in John 14:15, “If you love Me, keep My commandments.”

Why would He say something like that, if they had been “done away with” anyway? (And for those who answer something about the ‘law of love’, the follow-up question is obvious: “If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?” Since the most common prophetic metaphor throughout the Bible has to do with whoring, and idolatry, and adultery, and how we, repeatedly throughout history, have been “put away” from Him for that very act…the question can be rephrased, even if perhaps a bit bluntly: does a whore really know what love is, anyway? ESPECIALLY if the “law has been done away with.”)

Theology can be about lots of gods. The Bible, as Written, is about only One. And He does not change.

As for me and my house,” said Joshua, “we will serve YHVH.” I can’t help but agree. After all, I’ve never been very big on theology.

YHVH as Game Designer

Friday, July 4th, 2014

The last chapter of the Book of Daniel (12:4) is one of several prophecies which are said to be “sealed”, “until the time of the end,” when, among other things, “knowledge shall increase.” Sometimes it seems that we might today be getting very close to the unsealing of those prophecies, for a number of reasons.

The “nature of the Godhead” has been a source of conflict, division, and even war for the better part of two millenia at this point. Is He “three persons”, or only One? “Fully God and fully man,” or can we even wrap our minds around the distinction? This author has long stated that I will not “break fellowship over mathematics,” whether one has difficulty with differential calculus, or, more to the point, even how 3 == 1. After all, the Hebrew word echad, as in, “YHVH our Elohim, YHVH is echad,” (Deut. 6:4) can mean the cardinal number “one”, or even “unity.”

Is there a way to reconcile what seems totally contradictory? Or to begin to at least establish a picture of something now that might have eluded description in a way mere mortals could comprehend for centuries? I suggest that as “knowledge has increased,” that might be more achievable now than it has ever been. And while no analogy, or metaphor, is ever quite perfect, our familiarity now with computers, computer languages, hardware, operating systems, and even computer GAMES may now give us a bit of insight into that mystery that has divided believers since certain ‘creeds’ were written – and too often enforced at the point of a sword.

How can YHVH be “outside time” as we know it? How did He (Gen. 1, and later, John 1:1) speak the world into existence? We know that the “power of the tongue,” is immense, and that our vows really matter. Now we even know that computer languages, and programs written in them, can be likewise used for great good, or tremendous evil. It is no longer a giant leap to imagine a programmer ‘speaking’ (or writing) a whole virtual world into existence.   It is what game designers do.

When the designer(s) [it takes more of us, clearly, to do something far less sophisticated, and infinitely less complex than His creation!] sit down to create a new adventure-type game, a number of things must happen. The torah, or instruction, about how the game is to be played, and what the rules are for that particular virtual universe, must be laid out. What kinds of creatures populate the world? What are their strengths and weaknesses?  What are the “Laws of nature” there?  How does one “win”?

And all of that follows other, “lower-level” aspects of the design, everything from the nature of the operating system to the type of graphics system and computer hardware required. The first step truly might be likened to something analogous to “let there be light,” after which the rest of the creation follows.

Once the “Yah as Game Designer” metaphor is clear, certain other pieces begin to fall into place. How can the Creator be “outside of time?” That one’s easy: He just hits the ‘pause’ button. Those who populate His universe never know any difference. He can look “forward” or “behind” in time just as easily, run “simulations”, or do any number of things with His world that earlier theologians cannot have imagined, and modern ones might find disturbing. Thankfully, our Elohim has made it clear that He does NOT like to “break the rules” that He Wrote; He is in fact, the same, yesterday, today, and tomorrow, whether we understand His notion about “time” or not.

How might such a Designer choose to interact with those inside His creation? An array of choices present themselves, both in Scripture, and now, even our imaginations. He might choose to talk to them in dreams and visions, or via ‘messengers’ (malakim), or even from within a burning bush or a thundering mountain. But the form that would be most familiar to people who have ever played a modern “adventure” game would be to enter into His creation as a player, just like those within that universe. Would that character be both “fully man” and yet echad with the Designer Himself? Certainly it could truthfully be said that He “does the will of the One Who sent Him.” And just as certainly, it would be true that ‘no one has seen Him’ – indeed, those within that virtual world have no real conception of what the Creator might be, other than perhaps the knowledge they were somehow ‘created in His image.’

Finally, how could such an incredible Designer even begin to describe Himself to the inhabitants of the world He created?  That, too, should be obvious.  In terms, and with concepts, from His  ‘game’ itself; including by describing Himself as a Father, or King, or Master, or Husband.

Certainly, no analogy is perfect, and the most sophisticated virtual universe men have ever assembled pales in comparison to what YHVH has created for us.  And yet the imitations, limited as they might be, are now good enough — in movies, or flight simulations for example — to be real enough for training, or even for propaganda and deception.  That, too, is something that fits with any number of Biblical prophecies.

It may very well be that as “knowledge has increased,” we find ourselves more able to at least conceive of how some of the Scriptures which once seemed confusing and even contradictory can really reflect a better, albeit still limited, understanding of the nature of our reality, and what YHVH is teaching us.  That, in turn, might help us to focus on the ‘weightier matters‘ of His Word, rather than disputing among ourselves over “doubtful things.”  If time does indeed draw short, and  the kind of tribulation we can see coming is only the ‘beginning of sorrows’ — then we’ve all got far more important things to do than “argue about the math.”

God as Game Designer

Tuesday, February 11th, 2014

Arguments about the “nature of God” have divided men for millenia, often to the point of bloodshed, war, and inquisition.  And although Shaul (Paul) distinguished the Biblical Yahushua from “another Jesus, whom we have not preached” in epistles like that to the Galatians, disputes about whether He could be “fully God and fully man” still abound.  Finally, while this author is familiar with differential equations and integral calculus, the math behind “is three identically equal to one” is still beyond my understanding.   But I learned long ago not to ‘divide’ from those who follow Him just because we do the math differently!   At least I have a better grasp of what the Hebrew word “echad” (Deut. 6:4) means in context.

The problem seems to rest on the concept of metaphor.  Torah, or His instruction, includes stories and examples, as well as His “statutes, judgments, and commandments.”  Yahushua taught using parables, among other things.  YHVH is described in a number of ways that humans can relate to — King, Master, Father, Husband, Judge, Lawgiver, Savior, and Creator among them — but He is clearly more than even all of these.   “As the heavens are higher than the earth, My ways are higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts.” *

Some time ago, I came across another, more “modern” metaphor that many people have found helpful, perhaps because it helps avoid certain traditional stereotypes, and may even have some parallels to quantum physics, since most of us struggle with concepts like, “how can the Creator be outside space and even time?”

Consider a brand new computer video/interactive game, like Worlds of Warcraft or countless others.  How does the designer go about developing a whole new “fantasy world”?  There are literally many layers to the effort – from what kind of computer hardware and operating system will run it, to crafting the rules of the game, the types of characters who will inhabit it, and, of course, deciding the purpose of the game itself.**

What the designer does, up front, in other words, is to literally outline the “torah” for this virtual universe — the instruction, even the laws of nature and the rules for the inhabitants.

But more to the point, how does the creator of a world interact with his creation?  How does he test the game, and communicate with its inhabitants?  Does He talk to some of the people – say, from a burning bush or cloud – or does He speak with a voice that rattles the mountains?  Might He even choose to participate in the game in the same form as one of those within it, by literally becoming a player, entering His creation as a character within it, subject to the rules He Himself Wrote?

Think about the implications of the metaphor of YHVH as “Game Designer.”

What do those creatures inside the electronic universe think?  Can they even begin to conceive of how the very fabric of their entire world runs on a computer system that is utterly outside their ability to perceive?  And how much more so, then, the mind and capabilities of the Creator of that entire system?  (Could one even, “see His face and live?”  Certainly not in any way they could understand.)  Even their perception of time is utterly different from the Creator, who is “outside” their time reckoning.  (He can hit the pause button, for example — and they’d never know it.)

So, when the Creator chooses to enter that world as a participant — what is the nature of the entity those WITHIN that universe see?  Certainly an aspect of Him they can relate to.  And it is one which “does the will of the One Who sent Him,” too.  Literally, in the Hebraic meaning of the term, that person “comes in His Name,” and does exactly as He directs.

But, would they say that the representation of the Creator they see from their perspective is “identically equal” to the very person of the Creator ‘Himself’?  And does it really matter?

In THIS Universe, our own Creator has given us His instruction about how to “win the game.”  That instruction includes the fact that we must t’shuvah, or “return to Him,” and seek to obey Him, as we would a Father, King, or Master, so that we might dwell in His house forever.  He even says, “if you love Me, keep My commandments.”  But thankfully, He doesn’t require us to know exactly how His design works, or to understand His nature in full.

*  Isaiah 55:9

**  How does one save the fairy princess, or liberate the forces of Good from the Dark Tower?  Are there angels and demons, evil armies, orcs, dwarves, and hobbits, or flying monkeys and dragons to lead or to fight?  What powers, capabilities, limitations, and authorities to each have, and so on, and so on.